Film terms: R

Rack focus or pull focus
Changing the focus distance during a shot usually to shift the viewers attention from one subject or object to another. Also called ‘pull’ or ‘pulling’ focus.

Radio mic
A small microphone, usually worn on the actor’s body around the chest area, which is connected to a small radio transmitter again placed somewhere on the actor’s body such as the small of the back or a pocket. They are used for longer shots where boom operator might be seen in the frame and also when there are other ’sound’ problems or tricky situations.

Reaction shot
A shot, usually close-up, of a character listening to another character’s dialogue and ‘reacting’ to it.

Reccy
Reconnaissance a location. What’s all this then..

Red
New Hi-Def camera from the man who brought you Oakley sunglasses. Cheaper than larger 35mm or other professional HD cameras. Set to become the independent movie-makers standard imaging tool.

Red head
A 1K light. In the U.K. it is a 800 watt lamp. Red heads are cheaper than blondes but not as much fun.

Reflector
Either manufactured or made-up, any bright,flat surface object which can used to reflect light back on a scene or subject. Polystyrene foam boards for example.

Rehearsal
The director and the actors need time to work through the script before shooting starts. This is to actually learn the material, explore sub-text, unconscious motivations and drives and to begin to create authentic performances.

Release print
This is the final film print, after editing and post-production, which is ready to be shown in cinemas.

Resistance in actors
When actors become stressed or tense they display resistance in various forms. This is often just covering the very real anxiety or insecurity they feel about what they are doing. If you are directing you will have to develop instincts about how best to deal with different types of people. A director has to be something of an amateur psychologist. Shouting only works with a very specific personality type.

Resolution
After the climax of a film, this is the period of everyone slapping each other on the back, laughing, sharing the treasure etc.

Reverse angle
A shot that switches 180 degrees from he previous shot.

Rim light
This is similar to a back light, also from behind but nearer the subjects height level, creating a harder, rim of light around them.

Room tone
30 seconds to a minute of ‘room sound’ to be used on the soundtrack in between dialogue to fill in the gaps. Room tone should be taken in each location. Same as ‘atmosphere tracks.’

Rostrum camera
A camera mounted above a flat surface and used for shooting maps, photographs and so on, using zooms, tracking and panning and frame by frame movement.

Run-through
Running through the lines of the script without going for a take. Any situation where the actor and director will work on the lines.

Rushes
Traditionally, film footage, prints, that have been developed overnight in the lab enabling the director and crew to watch and critique their previous days shooting. Also called Dailies.