Film terms: W

WA
wide angle shot.

Wedge
Triangular piece of wood used for balancing/levelling the tracks of a dolly and general propping up.

Whip pan
Moving the camera quickly one way or another horizontally.

White balance
Our eyes interpret the available light and make it white. A camera doesn’t and light comes in lots of different colours so we have to adjust a digital camera to match the incoming light source. Light we encounter when filming is either daylight (blueish) or tungsten interior light bulbs (orangey), or odd fluorescent light (green or pinkish). For instance if you adjust the white balance whilst outside in the open air on a sunny day, the camera will remove the blue colour of the skylight to leave a whiter looking picture. Nowadays many ordinary domestic tungsten light bulbs are being replaced with ‘whiter’ long lasting energy saving bulbs.

Wide angle lens
A lens with an extremely wide angle of view.

Wide shot
Taking in a large part of the scene.

WT/Wild track
Sound recorded without accompanying picture. An example would be sound effects recorded on the day such as doors opening or creaking.

Wipe
A transition between two shots. The picture usually wipes from side to side. You can see George Lucas use these throughout the Star Wars series of movies.

Work print
A print of a film that is used for editing and rough assembly as it will get roughly handled during this early phase of post-production.

Wow
Distorted sound.

WS
Wide shot.

Wrap
The end of shooting or days end.